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托福口语TPO-32 听力部分(4)

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Listen to part of a lecture in an Environmental Science class.
请听环境科学课上的部分内容。
Roads, paved roads are everywhere and sometimes seem like part of the natural landscape.
道路和人行道随处可见,有时候它们就像自然风景中不可分割的一部分。
But, of course, roads are not part of nature and, in fact, road construction can have harmful effects on the environment and seriously impact both animal life and plant life.
不过,当然啦,道路并不是自然的一部分,而且事实上,道路建设对环境会产生有害影响,对动植物生命都会构成严重威胁。
One harmful environmental effect of roads is that they contribute to the movement of plant species from one area to another.
道路对环境的其中一个有害影响就是:它们会导致植物种群从一个地区迁移到另一个地区。
This causes problem for existing plants, plants already growing in that area because when a new plant species gets introduce into an area where it wasn't growing before, the new plants compete for resources with existing plant life.
这会给已经存在的植物,即已经生长在该地区的植物带来麻烦,因为当一个新的植物品种被引入某个新地区时,这个新品种的植物便会和现有植物抢夺资源。
For example, this happened in California with a weed called the yellow star thistle.
比如这种生长在加利福尼亚州的植物---黄色矢车菊。
What happened was the star thistle's seeds got stuck to the tires of cars driving down the road and the seeds were distributed to new areas.
事情是这样的:车辆驶过道路时,车胎上粘着了矢车菊的种子,而这些种子便随着汽车被传播到了新的地区。
This put the star thistle in competition for natural resources, like water, with the original plant life of the area.
这就使得矢车菊和当地原生植物竞争起了自然资源,比如水资源。
That made it harder for the native plants to survive.
当地植物的生存也随之变得更加困难。
Also roads, especially major highways, can act as barriers and divide up an animal's habitat into smaller ones where there is not enough food to support the population.
另外,道路尤其是主要的高速公路,可能会充当屏障把动物栖息地分割成小片区域,而在这些小片区域里动物难以获得足够食物。
These busy highways, with cars speeding past day and night, act like boundaries that animals are afraid to cross.
这些高速公路大多十分繁忙,车辆不分日夜地快速驶过,就像动物们害怕穿过的边界线一样。
So they sometimes get shut in on a small piece of land where there isn't enough food to support them.
所以它们有时便被困在那小片区域里,根本找不到充足的食物。
This is a serious problem for animals that need access to large expanse of land to look for food.
对于需要进入广阔区域寻找食物的动物来说,问题十分严峻。
For example, there are these foxes called Kit foxes that live in the southwestern United States, They hunt small animals like mice and squirrels which are spread out over large areas of open grasslands.
比如,在美国西南部生活着一种名为墨西哥狐的狐狸,它们以老鼠和松鼠等小型动物为食,而这些小型动物多分布在空旷草地的广阔区域。
And now, because of these roads, the Kit fox population has declined significantly because now they don't get enough food.
而现在,由于这些道路的影响,墨西哥狐的数量急剧减少,因为它们现在无法获得足够的食物。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
survive [sə'vaiv]
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vt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过
联想记忆
compete [kəm'pi:t]
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vi. 竞争,对抗,比赛
联想记忆
impact ['impækt,im'pækt]
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n. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力)
vt.
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habitat ['hæbitæt]
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n. (动植物的)产地,栖息地
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landscape ['lændskeip]
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n. 风景,山水,风景画
v. 美化景观
 
competition [kɔmpi'tiʃən]
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n. 比赛,竞争,竞赛
 
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]
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n. 环境,外界
 
contribute [kən'tribju:t]
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vt. 捐助,投稿
vi. 投稿,贡献,是原因
联想记忆
movement ['mu:vmənt]
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n. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章
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species ['spi:ʃiz]
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n. (单复同)物种,种类
 

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