And finally I want to talk about a few adaptations that I think illustrate a range of approaches, and make some comments on them.
Do you know the Japanese film Ran?
你知道那部日本电影 Ran 吗？
I haven't seen it. It was based on Shakespeare's King Lear, wasn't it?
That's right. It was a very loose adaptation, using the same situation and story, but moving it to 16th century Japan instead of 16th century Britain.
So for example the king's daughters become sons, because in Japanese culture at that time, women couldn't succeed to the throne.
OK.I hope you're going to talk about that 1993 film of Much Ado About Nothing.
嗯。我希望你能谈谈1993年的那部 Much Ado About Nothing.
I think that's one of the best Shakespeare films.
It really brings the play to life, doesn't it?
Yes, I agree. And I think filming it in Italy, where the play is set, makes you see what life was like at the time of the play.
Absolutely. Right, what's next?
Er, next, I thought Romeo And Juliet, the 1996 film, which moves the action into the present day.
呃，接下来，我想谈谈1996年的电影--Romeo And Juliet，这部电影把故事背景移到了现代。
Yes, it worked really well, I thought - changing the two feuding families in the original to two competing business empires,
even though they're speaking in the English of the original play.
You'd expect it would sound really bizarre, but I found I soon got used to it.
Me too. Then I thought I'd include a real Hollywood film, one that's intended to appeal to a mass commercial audience.
There must be quite a number of those.
Yes, but I've picked the 1996 film of Hamlet.
It included every line of the text, but it's more like a typical action hero movie
there are loads of special effects, but no unifying interpretation of the play. All show and no substance.
Exactly. Then there's Prospero's Books, based on The Tempest.
是的。然后就是 Prospero's Books，根据 The Tempest 改编的。
That was really innovative, from a stylistic point of view.
Didn't it include dance and singing and animation, as well as live actors?
Yes, it did. I also want to mention Looking for Richard. Did you ever see it?
是的。我还想提一下 Looking for Richard，你有看过吗？
No, but I've read about it.
It was a blend of documentary with a few scenes from Richard III, wasn't it?
它是纪录片和 Richard III 中几个场景的结合，是吧？
That's right. It's more a way of looking into how people nowadays connect with the playwright - the play is really just the starting point.
And that'll be where I finish.
Well, it sounds as though it'll be very interesting.