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2017年7月20日雅思写作预测(新东方版)

来源:新东方 编辑:aimee   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
  7月20日雅思小作文重点关注线图、地图题、流程图等图形。
  大作文可重点关注社会类、环境类等方面,教育类话题连续出现,需掌握写法。
  No.1 Some people believe that culture will be ruined if it is used to earntourism revenue, but others consider that tourism is the only way of protectinga culture. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.旅游业保护文化还是破坏文化
  话题解析
  旅游业有益文化保护(cultural preservation)的论点:
  1) 除了自然景观( landscape )之外,文化和历史是吸引旅游者去一个国家或者一个旅游景点 ( tourism site )观光的最主要原因 ( motivator );旅游业和文化遗产相结合( integrate tourism and cultural heritage )为文化保护提供了经济支持 ( economic incentives );
  2) 在文化领域提供一些旅游选择 ( introduce thetourism options available with the cultural sectors ),如博物馆、历史景点、活动和美食等 ( including museums, historical sites, events and cuisine ),游客会深入了解当地传统和习俗 ( get an insight into local customs and traditions ),感受当地传统和艺术 ( experience local traditions, arts and heritage ),从而更加尊重当地社区和周围的环境 ( respect the host community and its environment) 促进(promote=facilitate= boost= further= gear up = encourage )不同国家之间关于自然和文化资源保护的交流与对话 ( the dialogue over conservation of natural and cultural resources)。
  旅游业导致文化破坏 ( cultural destruction ) 的观点:
  1) 保护的是一般食物、时尚、节日等 ( preserve food,fashion, festivals and so forth ) 一些文化的表面特征 (superficial elements of a culture) ,将文化定格成表演者 (freezeculture as performers ) ,导致了文化、宗教、传统仪式、物质文化和语言的损失 ( theloss of culture, religions, rituals, material culture and language) ;将文化商业化 ( commercialize the culture) ,破坏了文化神圣和独特的本质( erode the sacred ['seɪkrɪd] and unique nature ) ;虽然很多活动是娱乐活动 ( entertain, ratherthan educate tourists ),但有些是对当地人的一种羞辱 ( humiliate thelocal people );
  2) 垃圾、涂鸦、破坏和噪音不断增加 ( increasinglitter, graffiti ([grə'fiːtɪ]), vandalism (故意毁坏文物的行为;破坏他人财产的行为) and noise ),游客在没有被允许的情况下进入建筑物、神殿、神圣的土地 ( enter buildings, shrines or sacred lands without permission ),这都与当地文化相冲突(collide with, clash, conflict ),是一种文化侮辱 (an insult to the local culture )。
  更多扩展
  尊重当地社区和周围的环境 respect the host community
  文化侮辱 an insult to the local culture
  生态系统 the ecosystem
  短缺shortage
  No.2 Some people think that it is acceptable to useanimals in medical research for the benefit of human beings, while other peopleargue that it is wrong. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.动物药物试验是否可以接受?
  话题解析
  接受动物实验的理由
  1) 有助于医疗的发展 To begin with, animal experimentation plays a vital role infostering the advancement of healthcare, especially for the development of newdrugs in pharmaceutical industry.
  2) 可以降低实验成本Using animals in medical research can reduce the cost of experimentation
  3) 承认人们没有权利剥削动物,但政府可以设定相关条约来把降低伤害。Of course, animals should have all the same rights as humanbeings and human are not entitled to exploit animals for their own interests.However, the governments can set standard for the animal testing so the numberof animals and their suffering can be considerably reduced.
  更多扩展
  制药工业 pharmaceutical industry
  有权做某事 be entitled to do something
  剥削动物 exploitanimals
  No.3 The international community must act immediately to ensurethat all countries reduce the consumption of fossil fuels (e.g. Gas and oil).To what extent do you agree or disagree? 国际组织是否应立即采取行动来确保所有国家减少化石能源的消耗?
  话题解析
  反对
  1) 减少化石能源的使用量与当前社会能源需求增加的趋势(energydemands are increasing in current society)不符(goes against)。这就意味着减少化石能源的使用将会破坏现目前平衡的社会秩序(maintaina well-balanced social order)。
  2) 其次,替代能源的缺乏(thelack of alternative energy resources)使得减少化石能源的使用不太现实。
  赞成
  1) 减少化石能源的使用有益于(beconducive to)提升人们的生活环境(theimprovement of people’s living environment)
  2) 也有利于能源的长期使用(inthe longer term)
  更多扩展
  可持续发展sustainable development
  开采exploit
  生态系统 theecosystem
  短缺shortage
  循环利用recycle
  No.4 Some people think there are not many things individuals cando to resolve environmental problems, while the others believe that in order totackle environmental problems individuals also need to take actions. Discussboth views and give your opinion.个人是否应该采取行动解决环境问题
  话题解析
  个人应该采取行动解决环境问题
  1) 环境问题与每个人都有关联(havea close relation with every single person on this planet),比如如果水资源被污染了(contaminated),生活就会受到影响
  2) 个人能做的事情很多,比如垃圾分类(classifyinggarbage),改变出行方式(alteringmodes of transport)
  个人无法采取行动解决环境问题
  政府应当承担起解决环境问题的重任(takethe responsibility for addressing environmental problems),因为个人的力量是渺小的(minimalcontribution individuals can make to tackle the issues)。
  更多扩展
  一次性的disposable
  排放release pollutant
  污染物pollutant
  消耗自然资源consume/deplete natural resources
重点单词   查看全部解释    
greenhouse ['gri:nhaus]
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n. 温室,暖房
 
available [ə'veiləbl]
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adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
联想记忆
insight ['insait]
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n. 洞察力
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exposure [iks'pəuʒə]
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n. 面临(困难),显露,暴露,揭露,曝光
 
popularity [.pɔpju'læriti]
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n. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎
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protect [prə'tekt]
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vt. 保护,投保
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attractive [ə'træktiv]
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adj. 有吸引力的,引起注意的
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refrain [ri'frein]
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n. 重复,叠句,副歌
v. 节制,避免,克制
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extinction [iks'tiŋkʃən]
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n. 消失,消减,废止
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bilingual [bai'liŋgwəl]
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adj. 双语的,用两种语言表达或书写的
联想记忆

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