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哈佛大学公开课《幸福课》(视频+MP3+双语字幕):第273期

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  1. 第 1 页:原文视听
  2. 第 2 页:课程简介和演讲视频
First of all, they believed that they would get out, they had faith that one day they would be free.
第一个,他们相信他们能出去,他们坚信终有一天他们会重获自由
They would get to see their family, their friends.
他们会再见到自己的家人,朋友
And this faith kept them going.
这种信念支持着他们走下去
At the same time, and this is the second component, they had realistic beliefs and evaluation of the situation.
同时,也就是第二个特点,他们有着现实的信念,能对情况做出估计
If any one of these two components were missing, they were unlikely to survive.
如果这两点有一点没做到,他们就不大可能活下来
If they didn't have faith and they didn't believed it they would survive, they were very likely to die in the harsh conditions.
如果他们没有信念,他们不相信他们会活下来,他们很可能在恶劣的环境下死去
On the other hand, if they thought that they would get out by this coming Christmas,
另一方面,如果他们认为他们能在这年的圣诞节之前就出去
and really believed that they would get out by this coming Christmas, they were also less likely to survive.
并真的相信他们能在这年的圣诞节之前离开,他们同样也不大可能幸存
drawingBecause they didn't get out by this coming Christmas, and then they were desponded, resigned, helpless, and very often, they died.
因为他们这年的圣诞节没有被放出去,他们失望,气馁,无助,通常情况下,他们会死去
So it was the two components,
所以关键是这两点,
believe that you would get out, but at the same time know that you need to deal with reality and that it's tough.
相信你会出去,但同时明白自己需要应对现实,残酷的现实
Here is what James Stockdale said,
詹姆斯·斯托克代尔如是说
"you must never confuse faith that you would prevail in the end which you can never afford to lose
"你不能把坚信自己最终会在输不起的情形下取得胜利的信念
with the discipline to confront the most brutal facts of your current reality whatever they might be."
同直面现有残酷现实的行为相混淆,无论是何种残酷现实
Realistic optimism.
现实的乐观主义
Now the thing is that you may be wrong at times. And sometimes you may really believe in something,
现在的问题是你可能有时会错。有时你可能真的相信什么,
and believe it that you have realistic expectations and not succeed.
相信你有现实的期望但没有成功
重点单词   查看全部解释    
current ['kʌrənt]
想一想再看
n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的
联想记忆
confront [kən'frʌnt]
想一想再看
vt. 面临,对抗,遭遇
 
harsh [hɑ:ʃ]
想一想再看
adj. 粗糙的,使人不舒服的,刺耳的,严厉的,大约的
 
evaluation [i.vælju'eiʃən]
想一想再看
n. 估价,评价
 
discipline ['disiplin]
想一想再看
n. 训练,纪律,惩罚,学科
vt. 训练,惩
联想记忆
optimism ['ɔptimizəm]
想一想再看
n. 乐观,乐观主义
联想记忆
prevail [pri'veil]
想一想再看
vi. 获胜,盛行,主导
联想记忆
confuse [kən'fju:z]
想一想再看
vt. 混淆,使困惑,使混乱
联想记忆
component [kəm'pəunənt]
想一想再看
n. 元件,组件,成份
adj. 组成的,构成
联想记忆
realistic [riə'listik]
想一想再看
adj. 现实的,现实主义的
 
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